Professor Xiaosheng Gao

Professor Xiaosheng Gao

Professor Xiaosheng Gao
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The University of Akron
Akron, OH 44325, U.S.A


Xiaosheng Gao received his PhD from Brown University in May 1998 with a major in solid mechanics and two minors: one in materials science and the other in applied mathematics. He then worked as a postdoctoral research associate at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He joined the University of Akron as an assistant professor of Mechanical Engineering in January 2001, became an Associate Professor in May 2006 and a professor in May 2011. His other appointments including as an assistant professor at the Northwestern Polytechnical University (China) from July 1990 to August 1992, as a visiting scholar at the Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden) from November 1996 to May 1997, as a visiting professor at the National University of Singapore in summer 2005, and as an ONR Summer Faculty Fellow in 2006 and 2007.

Research Accomplishments

Dr. Gao’s research areas include mechanics of materials and structures, computational mechanics, fatigue and fracture mechanics, multi-scale modeling of damage and failure and material characterization with microstructure. In recent years he has worked extensively on developing mechanism-based models to simulate material failure process and to predict fracture of structural components. This research bridges the macroscopic continuum mechanics and the microscopic aspects of materials science. The results provide guidelines for safer and more economic design and operation of high-performance of engineering structures. He has authored over 80 archival publications (journal papers, book chapters and conference proceedings) in the areas of his research. He has also presented his research findings at numerous international conferences and workshops and given seminars at various institutions. He received the Office of Naval Research Young Investigator award in 2002. His research has attracted funding from several federal and state agencies as well as industry. He has served as a reviewer for over 30 international journals and reviewed proposals for several government agencies.


  1. Zhou, J., Gao, X., Hayden, M. and Joyce, J.A. (2012) Modeling the Ductile Fracture Behavior of an Aluminum Alloy 5083-H116 Including the Residual Stress Effect. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 85, 103-116.
  2. Hu, S., Xia, Z. and Gao, X. (2012) Strong Adhesion and Friction Coupling in Hierarchical Carbon Nanotube Arrays for Dry Adhesive Applications. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, in press, doi: 10.1021/am201796k.
  3. Gao, X., Zhang, T., Zhou, J., Graham, S.M., Hayden, M. and Roe, C. (2011) On Stress-State Dependent Plasticity Modeling: Significance of the Hydrostatic stress, the Third Invariant of Stress Deviator and the Non-Associated Flow Rule. International Journal of Plasticity, 27, 217–231.
  4. Gao, X., Zhang, G. and Roe, C. (2010) A Study on the Effect of the Stress State on Ductile Fracture. International Journal of Damage Mechanics, 19, 75-94.
  5. Gao, X., Zhang, T., Hayden, M. and Roe, C. (2009) Effects of the Stress State on Plasticity and Ductile Fracture of an Aluminum 5083 Alloy. International Journal of Plasticity, 25, 2366–2382.
  1. Jiang, H., Gao, X. and Srivatsan, T.S. (2009) Predicting the Influence of Overload and Loading Mode on Fatigue Crack Growth:  A Numerical Approach Using Irreversible Cohesive Elements. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 45, 675-685.
  2. Gao, X., Joyce, J.A. and Roe, C. (2008) An Investigation of the Loading Rate Dependence of the Weibull Stress Parameters. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 75, 1451–1467.
  3. Kim, J., Zhang, G. and Gao, X. (2007) Modeling of Ductile Fracture: Application of the Mechanism-Based Concepts. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44, 1844-1862.
  4. Gao, X., Zhang, G. and Srivatsan, T.S. (2006) A Probabilistic Model for Prediction of Cleavage Fracture in the Ductile-to-Brittle Transition Region and the Effect of Temperature on Model Parameters. Materials Science and Engineering A, 415, 264-272.
  5. Gao, X. and Kim, J. (2006) Modeling of Ductile Fracture: Significance of Void Coalescence. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 43, 6277-6293.


Ph.D., Brown University (1998); M.S., Brown University (1995); M.S., Xi’an Jiaotong University (1990); B.S., Xi’an Jiaotong University (1987)